QNLM Scientists Win National Award for Excellence in Innovation
Src： QNLMCHINA 12:29:39 06/12/2017
China Association for Science and Technology （CAST） launched the Action for Excellence in Innovation during the 13th 5-year plan, in response to Premier Li’s remark on the Action and President Xi’s speech at the National Congress on S&T Innovation, Conference of CAS and CAE Academicians, and the 9th National Congress of CAST. A number of prestigious researchers and scientists were awarded for making influential innovations home and abroad in research, technological development, key equipment and engineering breakthrough, transformative start-up, science publicity and social service.
What is NAEI?
The National Award for Excellence in Innovation (NAEI) is approved by the Central Government and first awarded in April of 2017 to scientists and research teams for their outstanding innovations by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, CAST, Ministry of Science and Technology, State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council, for the purpose of enhancing innovation in science and technology.
Three QNLM scientists won the first NAEI. They are Wu Lixin, QNLM Director and CAS Academician; Research Fellow Qiao Fangli, Director of the Functional Lab for Regional Oceanography and Numerical Modeling; and Research Fellow Chen Songlin, scientist at the Functional Lab for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes.
Wu Lixin, QNLM Director, CAS Academician, Vice President of Ocean University of China, internationally prestigious in ocean dynamics and climate research, takes the lead in China’s leapfrog development in physical oceanography with his systematic innovations in the basic theory of ocean circulation, ocean mixing, and ocean-atmospheric interaction in relation to the decadal climate change. Wu discovered the enhanced warming over the global sub-tropical western boundary currents in the 20th century, and explained and established the theory on how the sub-tropical circulation mutates in the decadal and long-term climate variability of the Pacific. By developing the dynamic experiment system of how the ocean-atmosphere passage works in inter-decadal and long-term climate variations in mid-latitude and low-latitude areas, and by establishing the kinetic theory experiment system of the coupling model that features “partial coupling”, Wu solved the difficulty with his climate models that can differ the roles of the local and distant ocean-atmosphere coupling processes as well as the ocean dynamic process in the perspective of dynamics. He opened up new channels with the international Argo Project to study the mixed low-frequency mutation in the global deep ocean, bringing for the first time the deep-sea mixed research to the global scale and time-varying scale longer than a season. Wu made great effort to develop China’s deep-sea observation network, ocean drilling vessel and research platform for ocean expedition. Under his leadership, the “Transparent Ocean” Program provides support for the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road initiative.
Elected CAS Academician in 2013, Wu has been playing the leading roles in the innovation teams of the National Natural Science Foundation as well as the Ministry of Science and Technology. As the chair professor of Shandong Provincial Taishan Scholars Program and the Ministry of Education Cheung Kong Scholars Program, Wu also won the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars and has been awarded the National May Day Labor Medal and the National Advanced Individual.
Qiao Fangli, Director of QNLM Functional Lab for Regional Oceanography and Numerical Modeling, research fellow and doctoral supervisor at the First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration. Qiao originally established the wave-induced mixing theory for solving the insufficient mixing at the surface of the ocean model --- an international challenge. He is the first one in the world who discovered that small-scale wave affects the big-scale ocean circulation by vertical mixing, and that wave-induced mixing dominates the upper layer of ocean. Verified by a number of research teams in their experiments and field observations, Qiao’s theory won PICES Wooster Award in 2014 for its significant contribution to the research of turbulence, a classical conundrum. He established the first earth system model that covers ocean wave, which effectively reduces the common deviation of the climate models like the excessive westward extension of the equatorial Pacific cold tongue, so that the system deviation can be considerably reduced in forecasting typhoon intensity. He made breakthroughs in the key technologies of the near absolute equilibrium subdivision, master-slave core connection, and cyclic folding, staying at the world highest level of supercomputing with 36% efficiency of wave-based autonomous model in parallel with over ten million-core. Qiao developed the world’s first numerical forecasting system of high resolution wave-current-circulation coupling, bringing China’s development of ocean model to the international forefront.
Qiao has received a number of awards like the 9th China Youth Science and Technology Award, and is among the first group of the outstanding academic leaders of China’s Ten-Thousand-Talent Program.
Chen Songlin, scientist and PhD supervisor of QNLM Functional Lab for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Director of Aquatic Biotechnology and Genomics Division at Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, and chief scientist in aquatic biotechnology at Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences. Chen focuses on fish germplasm resource and genetic breeding, including fish genomics and discovering genetic resource, gender control and cell engineering breeding, genome selection and high yield, disease-resistant breed cultivation, and genome editing breeding. He is the first one in the world to complete the fine mapping of the genome of pleuronectiformes, and of the first fish in China (Cynoglossus semilaevis Gunther). Finding out that it is male that controls the gene, he revealed the molecular mechanism of flatfish gender control and metamorphosis, and established flatfish molecular gender control and disease-resistant breeding technology. He established the freezing technology of preserving fish germplasm and cultivated two new flatfish species that are high-yield and disease-resistant. Chen is responsible for over 20 research projects which are of the National Natural Science Fund, 863 Project, 973 Project, and the charity agriculture research programs, as well as of Shandong provincial agricultural project on improved varieties. In addition to doing research, Chen also promoted the industrial application of his research, achieving enormous economic and social returns and upgrading China’s fish genetic breeding in the world.
Chen’s representative awards:
Two second prize of National Awards for Technology Invention
One second prize of National Award for S&T Progress
Three first prize and five second prize of provincial Awards for S&T Achievement
Candidate for the national tier-1 and tier-2 Ten-Thousand Talent Project
China’s Agricultural Talent Award
Expert of Shandong Climbing Program for Taishan Scholars